Extra Readings Covered in Class


May 18

Watson, R. I. (1960).  The history of psychology: A neglected area.  American Psychologist, 15(4), 251-255.
        This paper discusses "History" as a sub-area of or focus within Psychology.  Click here for article


May 25

Baldwin, B. T. (1921).  In memory of Wilhelm Wundt.  Psychological Review, 28, 153-188.
        This is a collection of short letters written by Wundt's students, writing of their experiences with Wundt (shortly after Wundt's death). 
        What seem to be some of their most striking memories?  Select the most interesting ones!   click here to see article

Arthur L. Blumenthall (1975).  A Reappraisal of Wilhelm Wundt.  American Psychologist, 30, 1081-1088.

        You should focus on  the second half of the article, starting at the section  "Modern Reconstructions" --
         an interesting way of looking at topics from a long-term historical perspective.   click here to see article

Nicolas, S., & Ferrand, L. (1999). Wundt's laboratory at Leipzig in 1891. History of Psychology, 2(3), 194-203.
        Comment on the structure of and activities within the lab, lectures, and library.   click here to see article

Ludy T. Benjamin (2006).  Chapter 10: Titchener's Experimentalists: No Women Allowed.  In A History of Psychology in Letters, (2nd Ed.)
        A summary, with original correspondence, of the "Experimentalists" group and the role of women in the group. -- click here to see article
         Let me know if you like this format -- part article, part original correspondence (letters).

Thomas H. Leahey (1981).  The Mistaken Mirror: On Wundt's and Titchener's Psychologies. Journal of the History
      of the Behavioral Sciences, 17
, 273-282.

        Addresses the issue of whether Titchener's Structuralism resembled Wundt's New Psychology-- click here to see article

Check out these readings on early laboratories in the USA:
                  http://psychclassics.yorku.ca/Krohn/report.htm 
                  http://psychclassics.yorku.ca/Titchener/lab.htm

June 1

Robert J. Richards (1983).  Why Darwin Delayed, or Interesting Problems and Models in the History of Science. Journal of the History of the Behavioral Sciences, 19, 45-53.
        Context in which Darwin developed his theories and internal/external models of scientific development -- http://psyc405.stasson.org/Richards.pdf

William James (1890).  The Stream of Thought.  Pages 224-225, 283-290 in Principles of Psychology.  New York: Henry Holt & Co. 
        An example of James' view opposing Structure -- also an example of his writing style.   click here to see article

Stephanie A. Shields (1975).  Functionalism, Darwinism, and the Psychology of Women: A Study in Social Myth.  American Psychologist, 30, 739-754.

        Reviews and compares the social standing of women and psychology's early theorizing about women.  click here to see article

June 8

Alfred Binet & Theodore Simon (1905).  A portion of a book explaining the development of the Binet Simon Scale.
        This was a first step toward measures such as IQ; note the applied nature and common-sense approach  -- click here to see article

Merle J. Moskowitz (1977). Hugo Münsterberg: A study in the history of applied psychology. American Psychologist, 32, 824-842.
        Overview of the many, many areas in which Munsterberg applied psychology.  Focus on the many areas (rather than specifics of each) -- click here to see article

L. R. Geissler (1917). What is Applied Psychology? Journal Of Applied Psychology, 1(1), 46-60.
         An early paper defining the "new" Applied Psychology, in the first issue of the new applied psychology journal.  click here to see article


June 22


Donald A. Dewsbury (1998).  Celebrating E. L. Thorndike a century after Animal Intelligence.  American Psychologist, 53, 1121-1124.
        A look back at Thorndike's dissertation on its 100th anniversary  -- click here to see article
         Goes with chapter 9

Joseph Wolpe & Joseph J. Plaud (1997).  Pavlov's contributions to behavior therapy.  American Psychologist, 52, 966-972.
         A nice summary of how Pavlov's principles were the basis for behavior therapy --  click here to see article


June 29

John Watson and Rosalie Raynor (1920).  Conditioned Emotional Reactions.  Journal of Experimental Psychology, 3, 1-14.
         The report of work with "Little Albert"    The article is at http://psyc405.stasson.org/WatsonRayner.pdf
                 [Want to see the article that claims Albert was "found" -- see Beck, Levinson, & Myers (2009) ]

Tavris, C. A. (2014).  Teaching contentious classics: What should we do when the classics had flaws that would not permit their replication today,
         but yielded findings that still tell a good story.  APS Observer, 27.  
If "Little Albert" was improper, should we teach it?  + Related ideas.  Click here for article

David A. Lieberman (1979).  Behaviorism and the mind: A (limited) call for a return to introspection.  American Psychologist, 17, 319-333.
        Criticisms of Introspection led many psychologists to reject the concept. This 1979 article addresses introspections (limited?) benefits-- click here to see article

Tolman, E. C. (1948). Cognitive maps in rats and men. Psychological Review, 55(4), 189‐208. Tolman presents a “field theory” of learning (“cognitive maps”).
         click here to see article


July 6

Michael Wertheimer (2014).  Music, thinking, perceived motion: The emergence of Gestalt Theory.  History of Psychology, 17, 131-133. 
         A look back at 100 years of Gestalt Theory (particularly it's initial development) -- click here to see article

Horst Gundlach (2014).  Max Wertheimer, Habilitation candidate at the Frankfort Psychological Institute.   History of Psychology, 17, 134-148.      
       
Comparisons of accounts of how Wertheimer developed the Phi Phenomenon  (don't dig too deep, it may get confusing)     Click here for article
      
Kohler's Presidential Address at the APA Convention in 1959.  A summary of and reflection upon the field from Kohler himself.

Mary Henle (1978).  One man against the Nazis--Wolfgang Kohler.
        This article describes how political/social conditions can impact scholarship, summarize the big picture with just a few details -- click here to see article


July 13

Rand Evans & William Koelsch (1985).  Psychoanalysis arrives in America: The 1909 psychology conference at Clark University.  
        An account of G. Stanley Halls conference which "introduced" Freud to the U.S.  --  click here to see article

Gail Hornstein (1992).  The Return of the Repressed: Psychology's Problematic Relations with Psychoanalysis, 1909-1960.
        I would have titled it "psychoanalysis: can't live with it, can't live without it" -- click here to see article

Carl Rogers (1957).  The necessary and sufficient conditions of theraputic personality change.  
        An account of Rogers' beliefs about the most important factors in therapy, foundation of many current techniques  --  click here to see article


July 20

George Mandler (2002).  Origins of the Cognitive (R)Evolution.   
        Discusses the comings and goings of the cognitive approach in Psychology -- click here to see article

Geir Overskeid (1995).  Cognitivist or Behaviourist: Who can tell the difference?   The case of implicit and explicit knowledge.
        
A focus on the similarities between behaviorism and cognitivism --  click here to see article

Ludy T. Benjamin (2006).  Chapter 14: A Social Agenda for American Psychology.  In A History of Psychology in Letters, (2nd Ed.)
        A summary, with original correspondence, outlining the creation of SPSSI (Society for the Psychologyical Study of Social Issues) which
        helped establish and continue applied psychology in the realm of social issues -- click here to see article


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